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WAEC SSCE Practical Specimens and Instructions to Schools for 2023/2024
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2023 WAEC Agricultural Science Practical Specimen/ Instructions to Schools
1. Great care should be taken to ensure that the information given below does not reach the candidates either directly or indirectly before the examination.

2. (a) The provision of specimens, mater1als and equipment for the test is your responsibility.

(b) (i) Where a specimen is not readily available in sufficient quantity, it should be shared among small groups of candidates.

(ii) Each candidate should be provided with the following specimens labelled accordingly:

Specimen A – Earthworm;
Specimen B – Termite;
Specimen C – Loamy soil;
Specimen D – Sandy soil;
Specimen E – Water trough;
Specimen F – Feed trough;
Specimen G – Egg candler (Real/Picture/Diagram);
Specimen H – Scoop net;
Specimen I – Sugar cane;
Specimen J – Pineapple fruit (whole);
Specimen K – Ginger (whole);
Specimen L – Honey (labelled);
Specimen M – Sawdust;
Specimen N – Wood shavings;
Specimen O – Electric bulb;
Specimen P – Kerosene lamp;
Specimen Q – Charcoal pot.

REPORT FORM

3. Report Forms are provided separately on which you are requested to:

(a) supply details of the specimens and materials provided;

(b) report on any particular difficulties experienced by any candidate especially if the examiner would be unable to discover these from the scripts;

© make and record experimental observations.

You must enclose a completed Report Form in each envelope of scripts.

Recommended Links:
WAEC Midnight Questions and Answers

NECO Midnight Questions and Answers

WAEC SSCE Examination Timetable



2023 WAEC Biology Practical Specimen/ Instructions to Schools
1. Great care should be taken to ensure that the information given below does not reach the candidates either directly or indirectly before the examination.

2. Each candidate should be instructed to bring to the examination room;
(a) sharpened drawing pencils (preferably 2B) at least 15cm long;
(b) an eraser;
© a ruler.

3. (a) Each candidate should be provided with the following groups of specimens.

Specimen A – Mature fresh eggs of catfish;
Specimen B – Fresh egg of domestic fowl (raw, with shell intact);
Specimen C – Picture/model/chart of uterus containing a foetus;
Specimen D – Longitudinal section of ovary of pride of Barbados flower;
Specimen E – Leaf of pride of Barbados flower;
Specimen F – Panicum plant/Guinea grass (whole plant);
Specimen G – Cocoyam plant/Caladium plant (whole plant);
Specimen H – Corm of cocoyam;
Specimen J – Dry humus in a beaker;
Specimen K – Moist humus in a beaker;
Specimen L – Ripe orange fruit (whole);
Specimen M -Longitudinal section of coconut fruit;
Specimen N -Longitudinal section of fresh chilli pepper fruit.

NOTE:
(i) All specimens can be provided as group specimens for five (5) to ten (10) candidates.
(ii) All specimens in each group must carry individual labels (e.g. A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, J, K, L, M and N).

(b) It is essential that each candidate should be provided with the following materials:

(i) hand lens/magnifying lens;
(ii) scalpel/razor blade/knife;
(iii) pair of forceps;
(iv) hand gloves;
(v) spatula;
(vi) Petri dish;
(vii) Fehling’s solutions A and B;
(viii) iodine solution.

REPORT FORM

4. Report Forms are provided separately on which you are required to:

(a) supply the necessary information about the specimens;

(b) report on any difficulty in the conduct of the examination;

© report any particular difficulty experienced by any candidate during the conduct of the examination, especially if the examiner would be unable to discover these from the scripts;

(d) carry out and record experimental observations as directed in the Report Form.

5. You must enclose a completed Report Form in each envelope of scripts.



2023 WAEC Chemistry Practical Specimen/ Instructions to Schools
1. Great care should be taken to ensure that the information given in items 2 and 3 below does not reach the candidates either directly or indirectly before the examination.

2. In addition to the fittings and reagents normally found in a chemistry laboratory, the following apparatus and materials will be required by each candidate.

(a) one Burette of 50cm3 of capacity
(b) one pipette, either 20cm3 or 25cm3 (All candidates at one center must use pipettes of the same volume, these should be clean and free from grease).
© the usual apparatus for titration
(d) the usual apparatus and reagents for qualitative work including the following with all reagents appropriately labeled:
(i) dilute sodium hydroxide solution;
(ii) dilute hydrochloric acid;
(iii) dilute trioxonitrate (V) acid;
(iv) silver trioxonitrate (V) solution;
(v) acidified potassium dichromate solution;
(vi) aqueous ammonia;
(vii) lime water;
(viii) red and blue litmus paper;
(ix) dilute tetraoxosulphate (VI) acid;
(x) Fehling’s solution A & B.
(e) spatula;
(f) filtration apparatus;
(g) one beaker;
(h) one boiling tube;
(i) four test tubes;
(j) methyl orange as indicator;
(k) glass rod;
(l) wash bottle containing distilled/deionized water;
(m) burning splint;
(n) watch glass;
(o) Bunsen burner/source of heat;
(p) droppers;
(q) mathematical table/calculator.

3. Each candidate should be supplied with the following, where ‘n’ is the candidiate’s serial number.

(a) 150 cm³ of a solution of HCl in a corked flask or bottle labelled ‘An’. These should all be the same containing 8.5 cm³ of concentrated HCl per dm³ of solution.

(b) 150 cm³ of Na₂CO₃.10 H₂O in a corked flask or bottle labelled ‘Bn’. These should all be the same containing 5.0 g of the hydrated salt per dm³ of solution.

© One spatulaful of glucose in a specimen bottle labelled ‘Cn’. This must be the same for all candidates.

(d) One spatulaful of zinc oxide powder in a specimen bottle labelled ‘Dn’. This must be same for all candidates.

4. In all cases, more materials may be issued if required.

5. The actual concentrations of A and B must be stated on the Supervisor’s Report Form. The candidates will assume that the concentrations are exactly as stated in the question paper.

6. It should be noted that schools are not allowed to amend the information provided on the question paper or substitute any substance/solution for those specified in these Specimen/ Instructions.

ARRANGEMENT AND SERIAL NUMBERS OF CANDIDATES

7. The laboratory places should be numbered serially, and the candidates should be allotted these places strictly in the order of their index numbers. The number of every specimen supplied to each candidate should be the same as his or her serial number.

8. If a candidate is absent, his or her serial number should not be allotted to another candidate.

9. If the candidates are divided into a number of sets, the serial numbers should be continued through the sets, so that no serial number is repeated.

10. At the beginning of the examination, it should be ensured that the candidates record their serial numbers as well as their index numbers on the front page of their answer booklets, as they will be marked according to their serial numbers.

SUPERVISOR’s REPORT

11. Supervisor’s Report Forms are provided separately. You must enclose a completed Report Form in each envelope of scripts.

12. The chemistry teacher should carry out the titrations required of the candidates in question 1. The titration figures should be up to at least one decimal place and should be carefully verified. Unless this is done at the same time as the candidates own titrations, wide variations could set in and the candidates may be unavoidably penalized.

13. Any particular difficulties experienced by any candidate should be reported especially if the Examiner would be unable to discover these from the scripts.

CAUTION STATEMENT ON THE TOXICITY OF CHEMICALS

14. It is important to remind candidates that chemicals could be dangerous when they are not handled properly.

Before the practical examination starts, read out the following statements to candidates:

“Even though care has been taken to select the chemicals you will work with, you are being reminded that chemicals could be dangerous. It is therefore important that you handle them carefully.

Call the attention of your invigilator as soon as you start having any unusual sensation. Wash your mouth thoroughly with plenty of water, should any chemical get into it. Remember to wash your hand thoroughly as soon as you finish handling the chemicals.”

15. It is, however expected that you will put the appropriate arrangement in place to prevent the occurrence of any accident.



2023 WAEC Physics Practical Specimen/ Instructions to Schools
1. Great care should be taken to ensure that the information given below does not reach the candidates either directly or indirectly before the examination.

2. In addition to the usual apparatus in the Physics laboratory, each candidate will require the following:
General
Mathematical table/calculator;
Geometrical instruments.

QUESTION 1

A load of mass 100g concealed and labelled as P;
A load of mass 20g concealed and labelled as Q;
A set of masses m (40g, 50g, 60g, 70g and 80g);
Metre rule;
100cm piece of string;
Stopwatch;
Helical spring;
Retort stand set-up;
Knife edge.

QUESTION 2

A rectangular block (glass or Perspex) measuring at least 10cm×9cm;
Drawing sheet;
Drawing board;
Four optical pins;
Drawing pins;
Triangular prism;
Half-metre rule;
Plane mirror.

QUESTION 3

1Ω standard resistor labelled R;
Rheostat;
Voltmeter;
Ammeter;
Key/switch;
Source of emf, E=2F;
Ten connecting wires;
Resistance box;
Jockey;
Metre bridge.

CONDUCTING THE PRACTICAL PHYSICS TEST

3. The following announcement should be made to the candidates at the beginning of the examination:

‘The Examiner does not want you to waste your time because you cannot proceed with an experiment. Any candidate, therefore, who cannot get on with the experiment after spending 15 minutes on it, may come to me and ask for help.’

4. The Physics Teacher should be allowed to give a hint to a candidate who is unable to proceed with the experiment

5. Following regulations must be strictly adhered to.

(a) No hint should be announced to the candidates as a whole.

(b) A candidate who is unable to proceed and requires assistance must come up to you and state his or her difficulty. The candidate should be told that the Examiner will be informed of any
assistance given in this way.

© A note must be made, on the Report Form, of any assistance given to any candidate, with the name and index number of the candidate.

REPORT FORMS

6. Report Forms are provide separately, on which you are required to state
the following:

(a) detailed information about the apparatus where necessary;

(b) any particular difficulties experienced by any candidate, especially if the Examiner would be unable to discover these from the
scripts:

© any departure from the specified items which could not be
avoided;

(d) any assistance given to the candidates under the regulations explained in 5 above.

7. In cases where several sets of apparatus are provided for question and specific information about the apparatus is required by the Examiner, each piece of apparatus about which the information is required, and which may differ slightly for different candidates, must be clearly marked with letters A, B, C, etc. and the corresponding information must be clearly reported, showing which apparatus was supplied to which candidate. The candidates should be instructed to record these letters in their scripts.

8. A completed Report Form must be enclosed in each envelope of scripts.
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